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Posts Tagged ‘green’

Greens Improvement

Posted by mynormas on March 21, 2019

I started consulting for this Malaysian club in January 2019. Their green was re-constructed a few years ago and was planted with new grass (I can’t name the grass to protect the name of my client). It was pretty well done however, along the way, the superintendent left and maintenance slipped into its old habits and the quality of the greens dropped.

It was easy for me to bring the quality up because of the combination of supportive management, a good maintenance team and understanding members of the club.

I managed to turn around the health of the grass and raise the greenspeed within a month.

turf in one month

The grass on the left is mid-February 2019 while on the right is one month later.

greenspeed comparison 2019 Jan to Mac
I admit the greenspeed in March is not perfect and is a work in progress. My target is slowest green at 8.5 while fastest is at 9.5. Let me point out we achieved that on the first Nine but some greens got away from us on the second NIne.

I did not add any ‘special’ fertiliser or chemical or PGR and the roller has been out of order for MONTHS (no kidding).

if you want to improve your club’s greens like these; contact me. Why be average?

Belanja minum?

Derma untuk belanja saya dan memberi lebih tenaga supaya lebih kreatif!


Posted in Golf Course, Golf Course Superintendents, Padang Golf | Tagged: , | Leave a Comment »

Pembinaan Green

Posted by mynormas on September 24, 2018

Dalam buku saya, saya telah membincangkan secara ringkas tentang pembinaan green yang boleh di bahagikan kepada empat jenis utama:

  1. Pembinaan secara tradisional.

Pembinaan green secara turun temurun melibatkan hanya menanam rumput di atas tanah dan di potong pendek. Kemudian ia di modenkan kepada pembinaan green di atas struktur tanah yang di bina tinggi dari kawasan sekeliling atau di panggil ‘push-up’ green.

Green ini di bina tinggi kerana lazimnya ia tidak mempunyai sistem saliran subtanah dan air akan mengalir keluar green melalui larian permukaan mengikut bentuk kontur tanah.

  1. Pembinaan secara USGA

USGA atau United States Golf Association melalui jabatan Golf Section mereka telah mencipta pembinaan green menggunakan pasir yang di pilih saiz partikelnya untuk membantu aliran air turun ke bahagian bawah green tetapi di masa yang sama, membantu pengairan dengan menghadirkan muka air tenggek (perched water table). Ia mula di gunakan pada September 1960 dan di perbaharui beberapa kali selepas itu.

Kini terdapat dua konsep utama dalam pembinaan green USGA, ada yang terdapat lapisan pertengahan (intermediate layer) dan ada yang tidak terdapat lapisan pertengahan.

USGA green with intermediate layer

Green USGA dengan intermediate layer.

3. Pembinaan green California

Pada tahun 1970an, dua orang saintis rumput dari Universiti California, Dr. John Madison dan En. Bill Davis membuat rumusan bahawa pasir sahaja, tanpa sebarang campuran boleh di gunakan untuk membina green di padang golf. Mereka mengatakan bahawa pasir di letakkan di atas permukaan subtanah yang di letakkan longkang boleh menghasilkan permukaan yang baik untuk kebanyakkan keadaaan. Tanpa lapisan lapisan tertentu seperti green USGA, green California adalah lebih murah.

4.  Pembinaan green hybrid USGA – California

Pada tahun 1998, En. Hummel telah mencadangkan beberapa pembaikan kepada cara pembinaan green California iaitu dengan menggunakan kriteria pasir sama dengan USGA dan menggunakan kiraan sama seperti yang di lakukan di green USGA termasuklah penggunaan bahan organik di zon akar. Dalam ertikata lain, hybrid USGA – California ialah kombinasi kriteria USGA dalam profil California. Begitu juga pada asalnya green California tidak mempunyai lapisan kerikil tetapi kini seperti green USGA banyak green California yang telah ditambah lapisan kerikil di bawah sekali.

Belanja minum?

Derma untuk belanja saya dan memberi lebih tenaga supaya lebih kreatif!


Nota di atas adalah petikan dari buku saya “Penyelenggaraan Rumput di Padang Golf” yang akan dilancarkan pada 25 September 2018. Harga setiap satu ialah RM79.00 (Harga kulit keras ialah RM99.00). Jangan lupa untuk memesan satu:

Buku 1st draft (1)

Maintaining this Website. Sumbangan.

Saya menyumbang ilmu secara ikhlas melalui laman web ini. Tetapi pengendalian laman web ini perlukan wang. Setiap tahun USD99 (lebihkurang RM400). Sedikit sumbangan anda amat membantu. Anda mendapat manafaat dari laman web ini? Sumbangan bermula dari $10. Jangan lupa ‘Like’ artikel ini; ‘Follow’ laman web ini dan klik mana mana iklan di page ini. This website is maintained and managed with my own money. I’ve done my best to not allow advertisement on this site thus far so that I can be independent. I’m going to start to ask for donations and see if I can get enough to sustain it that way. Donations start from $10.




Buku “Penyelenggaraan Rumput di Padang Golf” akan dilancarkan di UUM oleh Presiden Persatuan Golf Malaysia selepas dua ceramah tentang industri golf di Malaysia mulai 9.30 pagi. Terbuka kepada semua.

Adjunct Professor talk at UUM

Bermula 9.30 pagi berakhir 12.30 tengahari. Terbuka kepada semua. Masuk adalah percuma.

Posted in Golf club, Golf Course, Golf Course Superintendents, Greens, Padang Golf | Tagged: , , | Leave a Comment »

Zoysia Greens

Posted by mynormas on August 3, 2017

There are many more Zoysia greens in Malaysia than I know. I’m not sure if that sound right; like, why should I be expected to know everything about Malaysian greens right?

But the thing is identifying grass is not easy and many grasses on greens or fairways have been misidentified and eventually, a different (read: wrong) approach to maintenance was employed.

One golf course insisted they had Tifdwarf on their greens and it took about 11 PowerPoint slides of their grass side by side with Tifdwarf and Zoysia cultivars from various golf courses to convince them that it actually is Zoysia. The fact that many fertiliser and machinery suppliers have also said the same thing before me helped too.

I wonder how many more clubs that actually have Zoysia on their greens but does not recognise it or are in denial? There was this one club who continues to try replant the Zoysia on their greens with Tifdwarf. I told them that Zoysia is a lot more robust than Tifdwarf and that “Resistance is futile”. He persisted and planted almost 20 hole-cutter-sized Tifdwarf sods on the Zoysia ‘colony’ of the greens. When I came back a month or two later, the Zoysia had overwhelmed the Tifdwarf sods and colonised even more of the green.

I admit it is hard to identify Zoysia because it can be almost the same as Serangoon except the leaf blades are harder to the touch.

Here’s a combo picture of four golf courses in Malaysia with Zoysia greens. Until I stitched this combo picture, I didn’t realise that the Zoysias could look so different. The two top ones had smaller leaf blades compared to the two bottom courses. The difference is that the two top courses bought their Zoysia from nurseries and planted the Zoysia on their greens while the two bottom clubs had their greens invaded by Zoysia over the years. What is surprising though is that only one club had Zoysia fairways while the other had Cowgrass fairways; so where did the Zoysia come from? It is a mystery to the superintendent too but then to be fair, he was barely three months there when I met him.

Comparison Zoysia

The names at the bottom of the pictures are the Malaysian states where the clubs are located.

How are the greens’ performance? Quite good compared to greens of other grasses located nearby. They’re not as fast, but in some instances, they’re not as dead either.

One superintendent says that his Zoysia greens can give him speeds of up to 9 feet. I measured the one in Sarawak at 8 feet with no recent rolling or double mowing and they were using ordinary agriculture fertiliser too (which I thought was danged impressive) while one other club thinks it is around 7… or 6.

“Can I borrow your Stimpmeter?” I said, wanting to be sure of the speed.


“Do you have a Stimpmeter?”

“No, that’s why I can’t lend you mine”

“Do you know what a Stimpmeter is?”

“No, that’s why I don’t have one”

I started to open my mouth to  say something else but then thought better of it, I mean, with such impeccable logic, there really is no point in asking further.

Zoysia grass do have a place on greens; after all, rather than spending a large sum of money trying to maintain a grass that just doesn’t want to grow on your greens, might as well grow the grass that volunteers to be there, sometimes on its own accord.

Many years ago I was visiting a club that was in the process of renovating their course and I noticed that the pin was set on a patch of light green grass on dying greens. I knew that Zoysia can tolerate a high salinity irrigation water better than other grass and because this particular course is in a coastal area, reminded the officer taking me round to test the water of the irrigation pond. Why? Because then it will be easier to choose the grass that is suited for the renovation.


Had to find a picture where a poor green (and the visitor) can be anonymous…

So, if you do have Zoysia on greens, don’t be shy about it. The greens can be good greens and you can turn it into a marketing attraction too (thats what I told one club but I think they are going to renovate their course with another type of grass anyway).

Zoysia on greens? Manage it and be proud of it is what I’m saying.

Posted in Golf Course, Golf Course Superintendents, Greens, Landscape, Padang Golf | Tagged: , , | Leave a Comment »

Mengenal ‘Penyakit’

Posted by mynormas on April 13, 2015

In the past few years I’ve been travelling visiting golf courses and a few football fields in Malaysia, one common problem I see is the difficulty some (let me stress that; some) Superintendents find it difficult to diagnose what is wrong with their grass. Especially on greens. I know it can be difficult to identify what disease is at fault except perhaps Fairy Ring but I find it a little alarming when the an insect attack is confused with fungi or even irrigation water contamination is blamed on disease (did that sound right). I’ve seen greens being compacted by some kind of heavy machinery and yet it was blamed on fungus. Sure, there were fungus on the green but you could see that the disease was mostly on the tyre marks and whatever the guy was dragging behind that tractor; a heavy roller perhaps? So I put together a slide that I used for teaching golf course staff on how to identify between abiotic and biotic causes of damage or disease on the course. I also saw a well-constructed football field having problems because the outlet drains were clogged: unclog it, and it improved almost immediately. The slides are in the Malaysian language because it is used to teach Malaysian staff. It is a two-day course and includes a calibration module. For more info on this and other field/course maintenance seminars, please contact me.

Penyakit apa membuat corak begini? What disease does this?

Penyakit apa membuat corak begini? What disease does this?

Dalam kerja saya sekarang, saya banyak melawat padang golf dan padang bola, dan salah satu masalah yang paling selalu saya jumpa ialah masalah pengenalan kepada penyakit di padang. Kekadang kita confuse di antara penyakit kulat dan serangan serangga. Kekadang masalah yang datang dari pengairan pun kita salahkan kulat. Saya pernah lihat rumput yang mempunyai kesan tayar pun di salahkan kepada kulat juga. Saya pernah lihat rumput yang di salah spray di salahkan penyakit rumput. Saya pernah jumpa padang bola yang di perbuat dengan sempurna dan di jaga dengan baik tetapi bermasalah, saya dapati masalahnya ialah paip outlet membawa air keluar dari padang telah sumbat. Setelah itu di perbaiki, padang tersebut telah berfungsi seperti biasa: tiada penyakit.

Saya telah membuat satu kursus bertajuk “Kursus Asas Aplikasi Racun di Padang” untuk di ajar kepada kakitangan padang dan slaid ini di gunakan sebagai petunjuk kepada mereka untuk membezakan punca penyakit. Ia dalam Bahasa Malaysia. Kursus ini adalah selama dua hari dan termasuk cara kalibrasi mesin. 

Untuk maklumat lanjut tentang kursus ini, sila hubungi saya…

<div style=”margin-bottom:5px”> <strong> <a href=”//www.slideshare.net/normas98/diagnosis-penyakit-rumput” title=”Diagnosis penyakit rumput” target=”_blank”>Diagnosis penyakit rumput</a> </strong> from <strong><a href=”//www.slideshare.net/normas98″ target=”_blank”>Normas Yakin</a></strong> </div>

Posted in Fields, Golf club, Golf Course, Golf Course Superintendents, Greens, Maintenance, Padang, Padang Golf, Taman | Tagged: , , , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Rumput untuk Stadium

Posted by mynormas on January 27, 2015

Kesilapan memilih rumput adalah masalah utama kebanyakkan pemilik tanah, dari sekecil halaman rumah hinggalah ke sebesar padang golf. Rumput yang cantik di padang orang lain, belum tentu cantik di padang kita. Rumput yang cantik di dalam gambar, belum tentu cantik di tempat kita. Rumput yang cantik di nursery belum tentu cantik di laman kita.

Di tiap kawasan atau tanah atau tapak atau padang; redup, cuaca, iklim-mikro, keupayaan penjagaan, kegunaan dan sebagainya tak sama. Jadi jangan lah kita pilih rumput berdasarkan kecantikan atau kebagusan nya di tempat lain dan kita tangkapmuat dia di tempat kita dan berdoa supaya ia padan.

Di dalam slaid-slaid berikut saya cuba memberitahu apa yang saya pertimbangkan ketika saya membantu sebuah stadium membuat pilihan rumput. Saya cuba jadikan pemilihan rumput itu sebagai suatu proses sama seperti memilih pemenang dalam rancangan hiburan. Peserta rancangan hiburan ada menang dalam kategori tertentu dan ada peserta yang menang dalam acara keseluruhan. Begitu juga dalam pemilihan rumput; saya bahagikan proses pemilihan ke dalam tiga ‘kategori’ dan pilih pemenang untuk tiap kategori. Peserta yang paling banyak menang dalam kategori-kategori itu akan memenangi acara keseruhan. Tentunya pemilihan saya bukan muktamad, saya akan memberi ‘ranking’ dan terpulang kepada tuanpunya untuk membuat keputusan terakhir. Kadang-kadang, ada perkara yang berada di luar jangkaan seseorang. Contohnya tuanpunya mahukan rumput yang sama dengan stadium lain sediaada, atau rumput ranking kedua adalah rumput kegemaran boss, atau rumput dalam ranking pertama tiada ‘backup’ atau tiada di jual oleh pembekal/nursery lain. Maka mungkin tuanpunya mahu membuat ‘gamble’ dan memilih rumput dalam ranking kedua atau ketiga.

Menggunakan rumput yang tiada ‘backup’ adalah – pada pendapat saya – suatu keputusan yang berisiko tinggi. Padang kita  akan menjadi tebusan pembekal sekarang dan di masa yang sama, jika rumput di padang rosak atau mati seminggu sebelum suatu acara/pertandingan penting, kita tiada sumber untuk mendapat bekalan untuk menampal kawasan yang mati atau rosak.

Sebagai bonus, untuk mengelakkan pemilik padang ini menerima nasihat penjual yang memaksa mereka menggunakan terlalu banyak input sewaktu penanaman, saya telah memasukkan beberapa cadangan untuk proses tanam semula. Saya cadangkan supaya mereka kembali ke basic. Guna pasir kasar sudahlah, tidak perlu lain lain bahan seperti tanah liat, top soil yang terlalu banyak (satu lapis?) ataupun benda-benda ‘canggih’ lain.

Jika anda dalam proses memilih rumput untuk padang anda; silakan guna proses ‘3K’ ini. Jika anda ingin membuat penyampaian kepada boss anda dan anda memilih untuk menggunakan proses 3K, saya hanya minta anda beri kredit kepada saya.

Ataupun, jika anda akan membelanjakan jutaan ringgit untuk menanam padang, mengapa tidak belanja lebih kurang 0.001% dari satu juta untuk membayar seorang pakar yang telah membela rumput selama 20 tahun? Anda boleh tanya soalan ini sekarang atau anda boleh tunggu 3 tahun lagi bila soalan ini di tanya oleh pemberita, Board of Director ataupun pengguna ketika rumput di padang anda mula bermasalah.

Selamat membaca.

Posted in Golf Course, Golf Course Superintendents, Greens, Landscape, Maintenance, Padang, Padang Golf, Rumput halaman rumah, Taman | Tagged: , , , , , , , , , | 6 Comments »

The Big Small Things

Posted by mynormas on September 11, 2014

Contrary to popular belief, usually, the greens are the easiest problems for me to help with. Usually, the current superintendents know what to do and just need some encouragement or pointers. Even if they don’t know what to do, they’ll be eager to listen and follow. Plus if it came to the stage that my help is needed, that usually means the club are willing to spend money and sacrifice time to make things better. Maybe occasionally some major replanting are needed but these aren’t often.

Sometimes it’s not about making things better too, but just to redraw the lines, clarify some stuff; usually about green speed. You know some clubs just chase after that extra six inches of speed by cutting low and rolling hard.

So give it three months or at worst a year, the greens would improve and then what?

Greens improvemnt

Thats when I get to do what to me is the harder part; to change what most clubs and staff have already been used to or did not put as priority.

Honestly, I really did not think that the small things are the difficult things. The cleanliness by the buggy path, the paint at the halfway huts. The landscaping at the starter huts. The sand bins. The painting of the tee markers. The flag pins. The kerb edges etc.

Kerbs are visible. A little effort in maintaining it goes a long way.

Kerbs are visible. A little effort in maintaining it goes a long way.

In the beginning of the contract the boss and even the owner would want to know what my recommendations are or at least have a meal with me. When the greens are better I am usually left with just the superintendent. Not that its bad, but without having the boss’ ear, it is a little harder to make changes.

Some days, I think that not doing the improvement too fast may be a better idea. Make the work last longer… you know what I mean?

Posted in Golf club, Golf Course, Golf Course Superintendents, Greens, lovegrass, Maintenance, Padang, Padang Golf | Tagged: , , , , , | Leave a Comment »

Algae on golf greens

Posted by mynormas on January 2, 2013

In the context of Malaysian weather where heavy and frequent rain is the norm, plus with poorly or compacted greens, shade from surrounding trees; algae is quite common.I found this slideshare article that is very informative and thought that I should share it.

Be advised that even though the title is about golf greens, much of the info are also applicable to other parts of turfed areas (yes your lawn too madam)

If you think most of the slides’ contents are too ‘academic’ jump straight to slide number 53, though you might be searching backwards for background info but at least you know what you are looking for is what you need to know.

This is the first time I am doing this so I hope this turns out alright…

Posted in Fields, Golf club, Golf Course, Golf Course Superintendents, Greens, Padang, Padang Golf, Rumput, Rumput halaman rumah | Tagged: , , , , | 1 Comment »

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