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Archive for the ‘Rumput halaman rumah’ Category

Tentang masalah yang di hadapi oleh penggemar rumput lanskap di halaman rumah.

Watering grass

Posted by mynormas on February 21, 2014

Siram rumput pada waktu awal pagi. Ini memberi masa untuk air meresap ke bawah dan boleh di ambil oleh akar rumput bila matahari mula panas di waktu tengahari. Bila siram, siram secara banyak dan sekali sekala (deeply and irregularly): ini akan mengajar akar rumput untuk tumbuh panjang ke bawah untuk mencari air. Jangan siram secara berjadual, contohnya setiap pagi tiap tiap pagi. Check sedalam dua inci dan lihat jika tanah masih basah; tak perlu siram.

Untuk penjaga rumput yang di potong pendek dan terdedah kepada matahari seperti green padang golf dan orang yang memotong rumput menggunakan mesin galas belakang: amalkan ‘syringing’ atau siraman ringan pada waktu tengahari. Ini akan menyejukkan permukaan atas tanah. Cukup sekadar dua putaran sprinkler atau satu nyanyian lengkap “Negaraku” sewaktu menyiram.

Penjaga rumput juga patut menggunakan ‘soil wetting agent’ untuk membantu air tembus ke bawah. Ingat: ‘SOIL’ dan bukan ‘leaf wetting agent’ atau ‘plant wetting agent’. Kita boleh juga melakukan penebukkan tanah sedalam seinci dua untuk membantu aliran air terutamanya di kawasan kering. Tapi awas, kalau tak cukup siraman air, kawasan di tebuk itu akan kekeringan di bibir atasnya.

Akhir sekali, Tuhan telah jadikan rumput akan menjadi dorman dan coklat  bila cuaca panas berpanjangan dan tak cukup air. Bila air ada, ia akan kembali hijau. Ini untuk rumput sihat dan spesis tertentu Bermuda dan Zoysia serta Cowgrass dan Serangoon.

Water your grass (golf course, field, lawns etc) very early in the morning. This will allow the water to be soaked into the ground before the sun can evaporate the water and the grass has available water when in the heat of the afternoon. Watering in the evening may mean you are watering dead/dying/dormant/suffering grass: You’re too late! Plus water in the ground at night may cause diseases and algae. 
The catchphrase for watering grass is “deeply and irregularly”: this will train the grass to grow longer roots to search for water. Watering like clockwork every morning will encourage shorter roots and may waste water, especially for shaded areas. Before watering, poke the ground and check, if the soil is moist; take a chance and skip watering. Another test is if you can see your footprints on the grass, that means there is no moisture in the leaf and you need to water there and then. When you water, water until you judge water has penetrated at least two inches of soil (does NOT mean two inches of water). Newly planted grass will have shorter/no roots and needs to be watered more often, not with more water. For example; newly planted stolons/seeds may need watering every hour with just enough water to ensure the stolons are moist in this weather. Water too much and you have runaway seeds/stolons. 
Professional grass managers should look at using soil wetting agents; it will increase water penetration – among other things. For sun-exposed grasses that are cut at low cutting heights such as golf course greens and lawn owners who cut their grass once a month with back pack cutters (especially if you use nylon strings: you guys should try artificial turf) there is this thing called syringing aka very light watering in the afternoon heat. Yes at 12pm. Two full turns of the sprinkler or sing one Negaraku song till finish; complete watering. Forget the theory that the water droplets will act as lens to focus the sun’s rays: the heat will evaporate it before any damage is done. Syringing will help to cool down the top inch of the soil. Hot soil will injure the grass’ roots. 
Dried out. But the benefits will outweigh this short term aesthetic issue.

Dried out. But the long-term benefits will outweigh this short term aesthetic issue.

We can also do shallow spiking, slicing or solid tines with small diameter tines just to provide areas for water to penetrate. Or just poking with anything sharp for one or two inches in dry areas, will help. But not enough watering will cause the edges of the slits/holes to dry out. 

Lastly, don’t fret that your grass has turned brown. Most healthy grasses will go dormant when faced with prolonged dry weather and will green up again when there is adequate water. This goes for Cowgrass, Serangoon and most hybrids of Bermuda and Zoysia. Yours didn’t last year? That’s what you get when you buy new types of grass you don’t know enough. Your grass is not healthy? Its usually due to poor maintenance. Let it die and switch to artificial grass next year. No I don’t sell artificial grass, I just sympathise with poorly managed living grass.  

Posted in Golf Course, Greens, Landscape, Padang, Padang Golf, Rumput halaman rumah, Rumput secara am | 2 Comments »

Cutting grass

Posted by mynormas on May 31, 2013

Jika alasan anda ialah kecerunan; cuba cari mesin "hover mower"

Jika alasan anda ialah kecerunan; cuba cari mesin “hover mower”

The recent case of a child injured by flying debris gave me the impetus to write this letter. I see a lot of people  – from local authorities to homeowners to football associations  – planting grass but the most common method used to cut the grass is by using the backpack mower called the  ‘brush-cutter’; ‘bush-cutter’; ‘whipper-snapper’ or even the ‘helicopter’.

This machine is favoured because it is cheap, portable, simple to use and require almost no maintenance. When the blades are changed to nylon strings heads, there is one added advantage: there is no need for sharpening.

A few observations about this “brush-cutter”:

  1. The business end of this machine consists of naked rotating blades or nylon strings.  These blades/strings would turn at high speed to cut the grass by impact. Needless to say the same impact would fling stones, pebbles, sand particles and other debris on the ground at high speed towards the operator and those around him or her. Its made worse when the operator rests the strings on the ground.

    The nylon string head of a brush-cutter

    The nylon string head of a brush-cutter

  2. Due to the weight and vibration of this machine only the tough and hardy are willing to operate it for long periods. Hence we see this work being ‘monopolized’ by foreign employees. If we really want to reduce our dependency on foreign workers, lets reduce our dependency on this machine first, at least in this context.
  3. This also has the effect of keeping turfgrass and landscape maintenance in the realm of labourers or part-time odd-job workers. This would negate the efforts of the efforts of the Youth and Sports Ministry – among others – that for the past few years has been working on a syllabus to train youths in landscape, stadium and golf course maintenance with the intention of turning this into a career.
  4. In the hands of the untrained – or the tired – operator, the tendency is to rest the blades or the strings on the grass.  This would cause a very low height of cut (think: ground height) Grass needs leaf to do photosynthesis to produce food and cutting at low heights just removes too much leaves. There is a “rule of thumb” of not cutting more than one-third of the grass when mowing. No way can the “brush cutter” maintain a consistent mowing height of one-third of anything.

I call on everyone who has authority over grass cutting (and that includes homeowners) to stop or limit the use of these machines. Homeowners should consider buying their own electric grass mowers (available in most hypermarkets). Local authorities, building and golf course owners should consider renovating their turfed areas so that its more accessible to ride-on mowers. Architects too must design turfed areas with ride-on machines in mind or look at  alternatives other than grass for example ground-covers, wild flowers, weeping lovegrass, pebbles or even artificial turf.

Homeowners should mow their grasses more often than the occasional time when the grass cutter knocks on your gate when he sees your grass long. The grass Malaysians call Carpet grass grows very quickly and should be mown as often as at least once a week. Petrol engined mowers are high maintenance so do consider an electric or ground-driven mowers.

Many land owners, football associations, golf courses and even homeowners dream of striping their grass. This can never be achieved with “brush cutters”. And no; contrary to popular belief, you don’t need golf course priced machinery to stripe your grass, any mower with a heavy roller behind it (and this can be modified with a metal or GI pipe) will stripe a field with enough discipline on the part of the operator.

With a brush cutter? All you need is a sneezy operator and you can kiss your beloved grass goodbye.

These poor grass has been mown with a brush cutter - maybe the operator has the flu.

These poor grass has been mown with a brush cutter – maybe the operator has the flu.

Posted in Fields, Golf Course, Landscape, Lanskap, Padang Golf, Rumput, Rumput halaman rumah, Rumput secara am, Taman | Tagged: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Kesilapan halaman rumah

Posted by mynormas on May 13, 2013

Orang-orang yang baru beli rumah dan inginkan halaman yang cantik selalu jatuh ke dalam perangkap terlalu banyak atau terlalu rajin. Kadang-kadang ini di sebabkan oleh terlalu banyak orang yang memberi nasihat ataupun idea. Di sini saya bercerita tentang beberapa kesilapan biasa yang di lakukan di kawasan halaman rumah orang. Tentunya; ada orang yang kata “itu bukan silap; itu seni” ok lah, apa-apa pun di sini ada satu senarai Top Ten.

New homeowners sometimes are a bit too eager to have the best lawn in the neighbourhood and tend to make  mistakes. The mistakes are usually not major and affects no one else except the homeowners themselves and perhaps their neighbours. Here I take a look at 10 common mistakes homeowners make in their lawns.

<div style=”margin-bottom:5px”> <strong> <a href=”; title=”10 kesilapan tuanpunya rumput” target=”_blank”>10 kesilapan tuanpunya rumput</a> </strong> from <strong><a href=”; target=”_blank”>Normas Yakin</a></strong> </div>

Kalau ada yang terasa di sini, saya minta maaf. Walaubagaimanapun ini adalah pendapat saya sahaja; seni itu adalah subjektif. Kalau orang lain kata silap tapi tuanrumah suka, itu hak tuan rumah. Dimasa yang sama ada juga caveat yang perlu saya katakan; isu-isu yang saya ketengahkan relevan kepada kebanyakkan tanah dan tempat, tetapi, di masa yang sama, tak semua rumput yang sama. Ada tuan rumah yang langsung tak jaga halaman tapi rumput dia cantik. Ada tuan rumah jarang-jarang potong rumput tapi takde masalah. Itu bergantung kepada faktor tanah, cuaca ataupun jenis rumput. Tak semua sama; jika ia membuatkan anda puashati, apa peduli dengan apa orang lain kata. Tapi jika anda tak faham apa masalah rumput atau halaman anda, jawapannya mungkin di sini.

Posted in Landscape, Rumput halaman rumah | Tagged: , , , | 2 Comments »

Algae on golf greens

Posted by mynormas on January 2, 2013

In the context of Malaysian weather where heavy and frequent rain is the norm, plus with poorly or compacted greens, shade from surrounding trees; algae is quite common.I found this slideshare article that is very informative and thought that I should share it.

Be advised that even though the title is about golf greens, much of the info are also applicable to other parts of turfed areas (yes your lawn too madam)

If you think most of the slides’ contents are too ‘academic’ jump straight to slide number 53, though you might be searching backwards for background info but at least you know what you are looking for is what you need to know.

This is the first time I am doing this so I hope this turns out alright…

Posted in Fields, Golf club, Golf Course, Golf Course Superintendents, Greens, Padang, Padang Golf, Rumput, Rumput halaman rumah | Tagged: , , , , | 1 Comment »

Mengawal serangga

Posted by mynormas on August 29, 2012

Saya mintak maaf kepada beberapa pembaca yang belum sempat saya balas email soalan mereka. Beri saya seminggu dua lagi. Anyway banyak soalan yang saya terima adalah berkaitan dengan penyediaan tapak ataupun serangga perosak. Saya dah ada artikel tentang penyediaan tapak, so sekarang saya nak ‘tunjuk’ satu cara untuk mengawal serangga perosak menggunakan bahan yang selalu saya cerita dari dahulu lagi: sabun pencuci pinggan. Saya akan gunakan video dari Youtube.

Video ni dari Australia so jenama sabun mungkin berbeza, tapi lebih kurang sahaja dengan jenama sabun pencuci pinggan lain di malaysia. cuba dengan apa yang kita ada di rumah sekarang. Alat yang digunakan oleh mereka mungkin jenis yang menggunakan venturi, kalau tak ada, gunakan sahaja penyembur yang boleh di beli di kedai hardware dan bancuh dengan sabun seperti yang di tunjuk.

Kalau ada soalan tanya di bawah, kalau ia membantu, tolong komen atau kata ‘terima kasih’ atau share atau Like this video.

Selamat mencuba!

Posted in Lanskap, Rumput halaman rumah, Taman | Tagged: , , , | 1 Comment »

Cara potong rumput.

Posted by mynormas on August 7, 2012

Ini kali kedua saya post tentang cara potong rumput ini. Cuma beza nya, sekarang saya baru perasan bahawa mungkin perlu penerangan lebih sikit dari saya tentang apa yang dia cakap itu. Jadi saya akan buat beberapa nota secara ‘point form’ sebelum anda menontonvideo nya.

Cara yang lebih baik dari bercerita ialah melalui melihat. Saya dapat video ini dari Youtube. Ia adalah video ketiga, tapi video pertama dan kedua lebih kepada iklan mesin mereka.

Tapi saya memang mencadangkan tuan rumah menggunakan mesin letrik untuk kawasan kecil. Yang saya pernah jumpa di Malaysia ialah jenama Black and Decker (seperti di video ini) dan juga jenama Bosch. Kedua-dua nya boleh didapati di kedai hardware Ace. Satu lagi ialah Husqvarna. Bandingkan sendiri untuk tahu lebih lanjut. Saya tidak merekomen apa-apa jenama khusus.

  • dia mencadangkan mower elektrik tanpa wayar (batteri) kerana ia lebih mudah di jaga dari mower petrol.
  • Potong satu kawasan kecil sahaja dulu untuk mempastikan tidak memotong terlalu banyak daun rumput. Undang2 tidak rasmi memotong rumput ialah tidak memotong lebih dari satu pertiga daun. (anda boleh dengar dia kata ‘one-third rule’)
  • Jika terlalu rendah, hentikan mesin, matikan enjin dan naikkan pisau.
  • Jika anda menggunakan mower yang mempunyai bakul seperti dia dan terdapat banyak sampah rumput tertinggal di belakang, tinggikan sdikit lagi pisau dan potong lebih perlahan (jangan jalan laju)
  • Elakkan mesin dari terkena batang pokok
  • Untuk mesin elektrik tanpa wayar, kita boleh memotong dari beberapa arah sehingga seluruh kawasan di potong.
  • Untuk mesin yang berat, elakkan dari memotong pada tempat yang sama setiap kali kerana ini akan menjadikan kesan tayar.
  • Untuk mesin letrik yang mempunyai wayar, mulakan ptongan di kwasan yan gpaling dekat dengan punca letrik (biasanya rumah)dan bergerak makin jauh.
  • Kekalkan wayar letrik di kawasan yang SUDAH di potong.
  • Potong pergi dan balik dan jangan potong dalam bulatan kerana anda akan terpintal dalam wayar letrik tersebut.
  • Sampah tersebut boleh di biarkan reput dan menjadi kompos ataupun di pungut sebagai sampah.


Posted in Landscape, Lanskap, Rumput halaman rumah | Tagged: , , | Leave a Comment »

Majalah Laman

Posted by mynormas on July 12, 2012

“Laman” means lawn in the Malay language. It is also the name of the premier magazine for landscaping in Malaysia. It is no coincidence that I also write for them via a Q&A turf ‘clinic’. Get your issue at the nearest newstand today.

Somebody did a teaser and put it up on Youtube for their next issue. I thought it was a good effort and would like to share it. Perhaps next time they’ll add photos of their columnists on their teasers… (Emma; hint hint)

Posted in Lanskap, Rumput halaman rumah, Taman | Tagged: , , , , , | 1 Comment »

Menyiram waktu panas

Posted by mynormas on June 4, 2012

Elakkan dari menyiram air mengikut jadual tertentu. Kita sebagai manusia secara amnya tidak minum air mengikut jadual, tetapi mengikkut kehausan jadi kita menyiram rumput pun sebaiknya mengikut keperluan rumput.  Apa yang saya maksudkan di sini ialah menyiram rumput setiap hari pukul 8 pagi atau pukul 6 petang. Kalau tengah hujan pun kita siram jugak kerana nak ikut jadual.

Siram ikut keperluan.  Jika tanah pada kedalaman satu inci di bawah masih basah; tak perlu siram. Jika ia kering; boleh (bukan mesti) siram.

Ini bermakna ada hari kita siram satu hari sekali, ada hari dua kali dan ada hari tiga kali sehari. Dan kadang-kadang: tak siram berhari-hari.


  • untuk kawasan yang redup; elakkan siram di waktu petang. Kawasan yang basah di waktu petang akan menggalakkan rumput.
  • amalkan siram di awal pagi; air akan kekal di dalam tanah di waktu rumput memerlukannya sewaktu terik nanti.
  • Bila siram, siram hingga di anggarkan air akan tembus beberrapa inci ke dalam tanah. Ini akan menggalakkan akar tumbuh panjang mencari air.
  • Menyiram terlalu kerap (untuk kawasan rumput yang dah matang) akan menyebabkan rumput manja dan terlalu mengharapkan air yang di siram dengan tidak berusaha mencari air sendiri.
  • Terik matahari boleh membakar akar rerambut yang berada di berhampiran permukaan tanah.
  • Syringe ialah suatu teknik menyiram yang berfungsi menyejukkan permukaan rumput (dan bukan ‘memberi air’).
  • Rumput yang ditanam di atas pasir lebih memerlukan air di siram daripada rumput yang di tanam di atas tanah.
  • Tidak semua tempat memerlukan jumlah air yang sama. Ada tempat perlu di siram lebih dari tempat yang lain.
  • Jangan siram hingga mencapai tahap tepu tanah; siram dan biar sekejap sebelum siram lagi.
  • Jangan siram di kawasan lereng sehingga air mengalir ke bawah; siram dan biar sekejap sebelum siram lagi.
  • Umumnya; siram jarang-jarang tapi dalam-dalam adalah prinsip menyiram rumput di kawasan matang.
  • Menyejukkan rumput di waktu terik panas akan menyelamatkan akar rumput yang dekat dengan permukaan dan mengurangkan kadar kehilangan air.
  • Jika anda mampu menyiram hanya sekali dalam sehari; siram pagi. Bukan petang; dah terlambat dan akan menyebabkan lumut dan penyakit.
  • Jika anda mengalami localized dry spot (LDS) gunakan ‘wetting agent’ ataupun tebuk tempat tersebut supaya air boleh tembus. LDS biasanya di sebabkan oleh tanah hydrophobic dan air hanya di permukaan.

Selamat mencuba!

Posted in Golf Course, Greens, Landscape, Lanskap, Padang Golf, Rumput halaman rumah, Taman | Tagged: , , | 4 Comments »

Pengudaraan halaman

Posted by mynormas on May 7, 2012

Saya pernah menasihatkan tuan punya halaman bahawa perbuatan memberi udara kepada akar rumput adalah penting. Ia bukan sekadar memberi udara tetapi juga membantu mengurangkan mampatan; memasukkan air kedalam tanah dan membantu nutrien (baja) pergi ke akar rumput.

Contoh kesan pengudaraan tanah.

Persoalan yang saya selalu dapat ialah: 1. Bagaimana nak buat pengudaraan 2. Berapa selalu dan 3. berapa banyak. Biasanya padang golf dan padang bola akan mempunyai mesin khas untuk kerja pengudaraan hollow/solid tine.

Video ini menunjukkan cara melakukan pengudaraan dengan menggunakan garden fork. Kita boleh juga menggunakan garden trowel ataupun garfu besar ataupun kalau laman anda sangat kecil (atau anda sangat takde kerja) paku 6 inci. Konsepnya sama; cucuk dan goyang dan tarik keluar lepas tu cucuk, goyang dan tarik keluar dan ulang. Umm… sebelum imaginasi kita pergi terlalu jauh, lihat video ini dahulu dan sambung baca penerangan di bawahnya.

Kita lakukan ini seeloknya setahun sekali. Kalau tak mampu nak buat seluruh laman pun, saya cadangkan buat di kawasan paling banyak mampatan (contohnya tempat lalu lalang) ataupun tempat paling banyak tumpuan (contohnya bahagian depan rumah).

Banyak lagi video seumpamanya di Youtube tapi daripada membuang masa mencari nya, lebih baik gunakan masa untuk buat sahaja apa yang dah di beritahu, kan?

Selamat mencuba!

Posted in Lanskap, Rumput halaman rumah, Taman | 4 Comments »

Gardening stuff in Giant

Posted by mynormas on April 21, 2012

I was in Giant hypermarket in Puchong Kinrara today and decided to check out some stuff that some readers have been asking.

They do sell chemical fertilizer: don’t buy if you are a hobby gardener. Chemical fertilizer has too small margin of error for the average home-owner.  They also sell organic fertilizer; this you should use. How to tell which is which? Well they usually mention the word ‘organic’ on the label if it is organic fertilizer. Anyway most organic fertilizer won’t contain more than 8% Nitrogen in its N:P:K.

They do sell “tanah hitam” or ‘black soil’ cheap.

They also sell rotary mowers.

Posted in Landscape, Lanskap, Rumput halaman rumah | Tagged: , , | Leave a Comment »


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